Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) is a subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that focuses on the medical and surgical management of high risk pregnancies, diagnosing and treating complications of pregnancy, preexisting medical conditions of the mother that may be affected by pregnancy, and medical conditions that affect pregnancy or may have an impact on the pregnancy outcome.
A maternal fetal medicine specialist, also known as a perinatologist, is an OB/GYN physician who in addition to the standard four-year residency training in obstetrics and gynecology, has completed a three-year fellowship acquiring advanced knowledge of the obstetrical, medical, genetic, and surgical complications of pregnancy and their effects on the mother and fetus. This specialized training prepares the physician to provide care to pregnant women who have special medical problems (e.g., heart or kidney disease, Lupus or connective tissue disorder, hypertension, diabetes and thrombophilia), pregnant women who are at risk for pregnancy-related complications (e.g., preterm labor, preeclampsia and twin or triplet pregnancies), and pregnant women with a fetus at risk because of chromosomal or congenital abnormalities, maternal disease infections, genetic disorders and growth restriction. Maternal Fetal Medicine Specialists are trained in advanced obstetric ultrasound techniques, invasive prenatal diagnosis using amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling, advanced techniques of fetal evaluation and treatment with procedures such as targeted fetal assessment using Doppler ultrasound, fetal blood sampling and transfusion, fetoscopy and in utero surgery.
A patient is typically referred for care and consultation for one of two reasons, either when a patient is considering pregnancy and knows that she is at risk, or when she is pregnant and existing factors place her at high risk.
Our physicians and professional staff work closely with your primary obstetrician to develop a comprehensive plan of care to achieve the best outcome for you and your baby. During your visit, you will receive an in-depth consultation with one of our physicians to discuss your pregnancy needs and concerns. If a procedure is necessary, you will be provided a detailed explanation of the benefits, limitations and risks of the procedure, and alternative options available.